Entanglement, Reflexivity and Entropic Complexification: Reconciling Science and Spirituality

The divergence of science and spirituality arises from the purpose of transcendence from the empirical. Whereas spirituality speaks of the Fact past – unchanging, imperishable and everlasting, science offers with phenomena which might be temporal, spatial and causative. Spirituality and faith have usually been outlined utilizing anthropomorphism, notably round concepts and realities within the human thoughts and spirit. However what if this conception will be taken past? What if the religious will be taken to a extra elementary degree that applies to our universe even earlier than human beings got here to be? On this essay, I current such a novel conception and understanding of the religious and spotlight the resonances of this conception with science.

The time period spirit refers back to the important precept that animates man and animals. Derived from the Latin phrase spiritus, that means soul or vigour, the time period highlights the essence of a being or entity. Shifting to the next degree of abstraction, the meta-description of a being or entity, notably that which encapsulates the knowledge inside its type and performance, will be referred to as religious. In historic instances, the Vedic civilization introduced forth the idea of Purusa (within the Samkhya custom of philosophy) and Brahman (in Vedanta) – each denoting a common precept [1-3].  Within the former, actuality and empiricism arose from an interplay of the Purusa with Prakrti – nature, whereas within the latter, Brahman manifested the universe with its interaction with Maya – a area of phantasm [4,5]. All in all, the demarcation between, and duality of, the fabric, empirical nature and a transcendent, animating cosmic precept was highlighted in historic Indian thought.  This was additionally seen in western civilisations, together with because the Divine Pure Regulation in Orphic Cosmogony and personified ideas corresponding to Ma’at within the Historical Egyptian faith [6-8].

The important thing query is: is there such a common precept or regulation that underlies and transcends the empirical and which will be ascertained utilizing scientific ideas?

Since spirituality talks of that which is past the temporal, spatial or causative – the triad that often characterize empirical phenomena and science, we should take a look at the frontiers of scientific analysis to see whether or not we will get hold of an inkling of what might lie past. For the time being, the Customary Mannequin of Physics supplies a unified description of three elementary forces of nature: electromagnetic, robust and weak forces, with the basic particles being the quarks, leptons, gauge bosons and the Higgs Boson [9]. Gravity, the fourth elementary drive of nature, just isn’t a part of this unified description [10]. There are various candidate theories of all the things, which deliver collectively the 4 forces – from String Concept, Loop Quantum Gravity, Causal Units and utilizing Non-commutative geometry to Superfluid Vacuum and the E8 proposal [11-16]. Whereas a few of these theories are mathematically elegant however lack empirical backing, others current the constant description of sure particular regimes in Physics.

Simply earlier than the flip of the 20 th century, in 1894 to be exact, Albert Michelson purportedly mentioned that Physics was all however found and solely wanted to be made extra exact by sure decimal factors [17]. In a couple of decade, Physics of the age was essentially and irrevocably altered, with Albert Einstein publishing 4 seminal papers on Particular Relativity, Brownian Movement, Photoelectric Impact and Mass-Power Equivalence, in what’s thought to be Annus Mirabilis or the Yr of Miracles – 1905 [18]. It additionally marked a serious shift on two fronts: physics went from sustaining the ideas of determinism and native realism to a extra probabilistic and non-local idea of quantum physics, and gravity was seen as a curvature in space-time and never an inverse-square regulation drive as within the case of Newtonian gravity. After we communicate of a Concept of All the things at the moment that formulates a constant idea of Quantum Gravity, we communicate of those two strands being essentially reconciled. Within the variety of bodily phenomena, we have to see what generally is a common regulation or precept that’s relevant throughout the myriad forces of nature. Are the basic constants, corresponding to Planck’s fixed and Superb Construction fixed, actually constants? A current examine confirmed that the Superb Construction fixed has variations, each in area and time [19]. Then, are the legal guidelines of physics themselves fixed? Tougher as that is to reply, with respect to the earlier query, the accepted idea of the evolution of the Universe entails the divergence of the forces of nature, all of that are hypothesized to have arisen from a single unified area. Nobel Laureate Steven Weinberg, amongst others, means that the universe might have undergone a part transition, just like the freezing of water when it falls beneath 0°C, thereby proposing variations within the type and applicability of bodily legal guidelines over eons within the evolution of the Universe [20]. Going by the traditional Indic concept of fidelity of the (common) cosmic precept, these variable ideas and constructs in Physics could also be taken as by-product components of the Brahman precept.

What unusually has a sure consistency and reality throughout the Universe is that of the rise of entropy with time in any remoted system, as outlined by the Second Regulation of Thermodynamics, which supplies a thermodynamic arrow of time [21]. Entropy will be conceived as a measure of microscopic dysfunction, and by the second regulation, we will say that as a system advances by way of time, it turns into extra disordered statistically. As per the second regulation of thermodynamics, for programs reacting at normal situations for temperature and strain, there’s a tendency of the system to realize a minimal of the Gibbs free power. Irreversibility of the mode of instantiating this regulation and the growing dissipation of power attributable to this had been related as predictions based mostly on the entropic conception of the second regulation. Generally, the dissipation of power is seen to be the idea of sample formation in nature [22]. Power gradients are what make issues occur. These gradients are seen to happen between particles and fields by way of correlations and dynamics, enacting adaptive behaviour. At a sure degree of description, this coordinated exercise will be analyzed utilizing ideas like coherence and mutual info, whereas at one other degree, these collective patterns of exercise will be seen from the extra summary twin of entropy manufacturing and power dissipation. Dutch physicist Erik Verlinde gave an entropic conception of gravity [23], which was later prolonged to different Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields [24], thereby giving the concept that we may conceive of the emergence of the basic forces of nature from entropy in a outcome that’s nonetheless topic to intensive and conclusive experimental exams.

Within the organic realm, just lately such dissipation-driven adaptive group was proposed to be the idea for all times and evolution [25], in addition to the idea for mind group [26]. Extra essentially and particularly, the way wherein this occurred not solely depends upon the power dissipation but in addition extra microstate-based adjustments within the system, which is mirrored in variations of complexity within the system. Not too long ago, statistical complexity of neural recording knowledge from fruit flies was seen to be correlated with the aware arousal of the flies [27]. From an evolutionary perspective, the phylogenetic evolution of the human genus is seen to be related to the rise of the structural and practical mind complexity [28], and that is as a result of necessity to deal with inside in addition to exterior info in essentially the most environment friendly manner. On this regard, it’s attention-grabbing to notice that the essential level for correct mind info processing, for aware consciousness to emerge, is that there should be fluctuating exercise amongst numerous attainable configurations of the neural community [26], thereby highlighting that the mind wants metastability and never simply robust stability [29]. Actually, the robust stability of mind (states) are often related to illnesses and coma or unconsciousness. This nearly behooves the dialogue of the probabilistic, quantum nature of the miniscule, which isn’t fairly deterministic.

Bringing all these concepts collectively, it looks as if nature is essentially constituted by a inventive precept – an inclination to broaden, to dissipate power throughout states, in a bid to extend entropy, and adapt accordingly in order to facilitate energy-dissipation. This isn’t essentially a spatial growth however fairly an growth within the variety of configurations. It’s an adaptive entropic complexification that often entails an evolution of complexity within the state(s) of bodily system(s), which occurs with a probabilistic distribution throughout configurations, and is ‘collapsed’ to a sure level solely when a sure system tends to correlate and develop spontaneous entanglement with its setting, as is gorgeous portrayed within the idea of decoherence [30]. The whole course of has an inherent reflexivity: an inherent tendency to suggestions and evolve, whereby the state of the system drives its behaviour and the actions and actions of the programs redefines the being of the system, in a self-referential loop the place motion is being and being is motion. This reflexivity and tendency – to occasion self-interact, can also be attribute of the outline of consciousness in historic Indic texts. In that regard, some key concepts of Indic thought and civilization, notably that of Brahman (which itself comes from the basis bh– ‘to broaden, develop and enlarge’) appear to be positioned on pretty scientific and actually consultant elements of nature and the universe. On this specific respect, it displays the reality as we see it, utilizing empiricism and scientific constructs of latest time. For me, this fairly ubiquitous essence, if you’ll, of the Universe is what constitutes the religious, the meta-description, the realm of the cosmic precept that we’ve heard of since instances of yore.

 

All the things else follows.

 

References:

 

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